You may find the LSAT logical reasoning section different than other standardized tests you've taken previously. Logical reasoning measures your aptitude for reading and analyzing arguments, an area the LSAC considers crucial for students seeking to attend law school. There are two scored Logical Reasoning sections on the test that count toward your final result.
Why Logical Reasoning?
The LSAC views logical reasoning on the LSAT as a measurement of essential skills necessary for a successful first year of law school and legal practice. LSAT logical reasoning questions evaluate your ability to develop evidence-based conclusions, use analogies in reasoning, find flaws in an argument, consider the influence of new evidence, and apply rational principles or rules in reasoning.
You can expect each Logical Reasoning section to contain 20-25 passages followed by a question or two, roughly 24-26 questions in total. The passages are relatively short, consisting of no more than four sentences, and each one presents some form of argument.
Logical Reasoning section passages usually include a thesis statement and claims to support the thesis. However, the supporting ideas are not always explicit or successful in supporting the main idea. Passages followed by two questions always present two opposing viewpoints, usually an argument and a counterargument. However, most of the questions offer only a single viewpoint.
Types of Questions
While there are a wide range of arguments and questions on the exam, the following are just a few common LSAT logical reasoning question types you may encounter:
- Strength / Weakness – Choose an answer that bolsters or weakens the argument.
- Inference – Identify a statement that must be true based on the evidence in the passage.
- Principle – Determine the principle by analyzing the argument and choosing the corresponding multiple-choice answer.
- Flaws – Find common flaws or false assumptions made within the argument.
How to Answer
Details of Each Question
The best approach to take with logic reasoning on the LSAT is to pay equal attention to the details in the question, the passage, and the multiple-choice answers. You'll need to understand each question thoroughly before tackling the problem at hand.
True Statements vs Solutions
Avoid the temptation to choose answers simply because they're true; a true statement may not be the solution the question requires.
Doesnt Matter if You Disagree
Also, keep in mind that when practicing logical reasoning for the LSAT, you'll need to answer based on given information within the passage, not whether you agree or disagree with the ideas.
There are no trick questions in the logical reasoning section on the LSAT, so don't struggle to find hidden meanings. Work with the information provided as well as the passage's context to find the answers.
Tips & Strategies for the Questions
Preparing for this exam section will take some work. Start by attempting LSAT logical reasoning practice questions on your own.
Several strategies can help you work through the questions, such as:
- Identifying the LSAT logical reasoning question type.
- Looking for keywords that may indicate relevant information.
- Eliminating any obviously incorrect answers.
- Focusing on finding the argument's conclusion.
- Recognizing new information provided in the question itself.
Ways to Study
In addition to taking LSAT logical reasoning practice exams, consider studying with peers or hiring a tutor. Both can be helpful if you have trouble with certain types of LSAT logical reasoning questions.
Just remember to pace yourself. Studying for long periods can lead to burnout, so give yourself ample time to prepare and take frequent breaks as you practice and review.